In recent years, the Chinese Government intensifies its efforts in monitoring and supervision of fiscally
funded researches with the deepening of scientific and technological management system.
In December of 2015, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Ministry of Finance (MOF) issued
Interim Regulations on the Monitoring of Scientific and Technological Programs (Special Programs,
Funds, etc) Financed by the Central Government (《中央财政科技计划（专项、基金等）监督工作暂行规
定》) The objectives of monitoring include: (1) the soundness and compliance of program management
and resources allocations of administrative agencies, and the effectiveness of program implementations;
(2) the soundness and compliance of professional program management entities, and their performances
and effectiveness; (3) the implementation of grantee institutions' legal person's liability; the results of
program implementations, and the management of the funds; (4) the performances of panel experts and
supporting agencies which participate in the implementation, consultancy, reviews and monitoring of the
programs; (5) the research integrity and performances of researchers in implementation of programs and the
use of funds.
The regulations also require the grantee institutions to assume their managerial responsibilities
in program application, implementation, check and acceptance on project completion, and the use of
research funds; to establish risk prevention and supervision system; to establish mechanisms of monitoring
and auditing, checks and balances, and routine self-corrections, and to investigate and sanction misconduct.
In March of 2016, 15 ministries and academies, including MOST, MOE, and MOF issued Interim
Regulations on the Recording of Serious Non-Compliance Behaviors in National Sci-Tech
Programs (Special Programs, Funds, etc) (《国家科技计划（专项、基金等）严重失信行为记录暂行规定》),
which defines unacceptable behaviors and provides some measures for the prevention and sanction of
non-compliances, including: (1) Relevant entities should sign a letter of commitment for integrity; (2) the
creation and maintenance of a unified database for information sharing; (3) Relevant funding agencies
will take joint sanctions against serious violators; (4) Non-compliance records will be used as references in
the processes of project approval, recruitment of panel experts, assessment of projects, and decisions
on preferential treatment in fund management, etc.; (5）the records of those appalling behaviors and the
misconduct with negative social impact will be made public.